Determining what other countries do to increase self-esteem or to increase certain aspects of self-worth helps to narrow down the essence of self-confidence for all humans. There are varying levels of self-confidence throughout the world. Some cultures focus on individuality and some on community. Depending on the focus of the country, pressure on the citizens is either internal or external. Individualistic countries allow personal goals and celebration of a variety of accomplishments. Community centered countries expect that each citizen will reach a certain standard and maintain it.
People from individualistic nations tend to possess higher levels of self-confidence. Being able to pursue personal goals and set expectations relevant to the personas abilities gives a greater opportunity for success. Individualistic societies have less focus on community and more focus on individual development. A focus on community will lead to pressure from various angles. Inability to reach goals set forth coupled with the expectations and pressure greatly detracts from personal success. Failure feels heavier when the pressure is coming from outside sources.
Studies have demonstrated that American children hold a sense of academic accomplishment leading them to believe they are good at something when their skills are only mediocre or even lacking in comparison to other countries. America is an individualistic country and self-confidence is built through different activities. Being proud of a personal accomplishment, without comparing to the scale of the community leaves the individual proud of self rather than of rank. Countries that focus on community have a higher focus on rank, leading their members to focus on how their accomplishments stand in comparison to all people. Self-confidence is more difficult to earn in community based countries but has more objective value.
Different countries and cultures hold different values. The values of the society and the ability to fulfill the intended goals directly relates to the countries self-confidence levels. According to some studies, stricter countries with high expectations have the most amount of people with low self-esteem. Countries that have a strong focus on consistency and invariability create environments where expectations are ingrained and inescapable. Failure to meet expectations reduces self-confidence.
When people are afforded the right to be who they want and are celebrated for accelerating in any field, not being expected to meet certain standards, there is more room to develop self-worth and thus, self-confidence.
Cultures that place a higher value on one gender over the other, lead to lower self-confidence for individuals of the undesired gender. Countries that see genders as equal and do not put a focus on specific accomplishments, hold higher levels of self-esteem and have lower levels of anxiety or other psychiatric afflictions. Typically, countries that celebrate all kinds of physical appearances rank at the top of the list for most self-confident, indicating that appearance has a direct link to self-confidence. Body shaming is a common theme in some countries but some countries do not celebrate only one body type. This allows varying looks to be considered beautiful, ideal and broadens the scope of acceptance.
Self-confidence appears to be a direct result of personal accomplishment. Personal accomplishment varies across countries and is judged by either the individual, producing higher levels of self-confidence or by the community, producing lower levels of self-confidence.